Physician assisted suicide argument paper
The recent numbers that came out from the U. Make your choice and offer your comments at NEJM. At time of diagnosis, the cancer was metastatic to his regional lymph nodes and liver. Other essays and articles in the that are related to this topic include: • • • Palliative Care: An Examination of Theory and PracticeErsek, Mary. C. Which one of the following approaches to the broader issue do you find appropriate? The philosophical and theological arguments against suicide are numerous and cogent.
He is completing a new book, to be published in July 7558, based on interviews with progressive religious leaders in Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Buddhism entitled Progressive and Religious: The New Face of Religion in American Public Life. The so long Charlie Parker one? We should expect, then, that the advocates of physician-assisted suicide will try to avoid a direct engagement with these arguments. Do you believe that Mr. Wallace should be able to receive life-terminating drugs from his physician? He discusses his desire for euthanasia with his wife and family members, and they offer him their support. ” Here the corruption is most complete: those bound to the suicidal person by the order of love, those with the greatest duty to try to prevent the suicide, are asked to “accompany” the suicidal person in the action, and they bear the wounds of their complicity going forward in time. He has been seeing a palliative care physician and a social worker on an ongoing basis. Patients seeking a suicide that is safely monitored and administered by a physician often have terminal illnesses from which know they will never recover. In euthanasia, the doctor kills him. To aid in your decision making, each of these approaches is defended in the following short essays by experts in the field. In Liberalism s Troubled Search for Equality: Religion and Cultural Bias in the Oregon Physician-Assisted Suicide Debates, published earlier this year by the University of Notre Dame Press, Jones argues that the debate over whether to allow physician aid in dying should wait until the United States guarantees adequate access to health care to all of its citizens. But not everyone fits neatly into this paradigm. In physician-assisted suicide, the suffering person kills himself. John Wallace is a 77-year-old man with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Although there are certainly several debates against this viewpoint on assisted suicide, it is not up to ethicists to make decisions that infringe upon the rights of the ill and infirm. The subterfuge continues in the text of the bill itself, which specifies that the terminal illness of the patient must be listed as the cause of death on the death certificate instead of “suicide. ” They point out that there is a clear conceptual difference between assisted suicide and any form of euthanasia. However, the conceptual difference is not as clear as the proponents of assisted suicide would have us believe. The debate over physician-assisted suicide is often portrayed as a battle between social or religious conservatives who oppose the practice and liberals or progressives who support it. Other common conditions are heart disease, AIDS, and neurological disorders such as motor neuron disease.
Base your choice on the published literature, your own experience, and other sources of information. On a more informal level, physician-assisted suicide often draws in family members as well. J. , Margaret A. Jones, who holds a doctorate in religion from Emory University, is an independent consultant on religion and progressive politics and an affiliated scholar at the Center for American Progress. He currently serves on the national steering committee for the Religion, Politics and the State Group of the American Academy of Religion and on the national board of FaithfulDemocrats. Before the possibility of physician-assisted suicide existed, at least some of these patients would attempt their own suicide, an act which was not as merciful or painless as the “cocktail that a physician could prescribe to allow for a quick and painless death. In addition to seeing the social worker, he has also been seeing a psychologist to help him to cope with his illness. 8 percent or 97 million people in our country. State to legalize physician-assisted suicide. As it stands, there is a solid or physician assisted suicide. My argument is really a social-justice-oriented argument against the legalization of assisted suicide in our current health care context. He understands the prognosis of the disease, and he does not wish to spend his last days suffering or in an unresponsive state. The next day, he calls his physician and asks for information about physician-assisted suicide. Somerville, A. I think one important piece may be the number of uninsured Americans that we have in the country. Jones, who calls himself a progressive, has just written a book urging liberal supporters of physician-assisted suicide (or physician aid in dying, as some supporters call it) to rethink their views, at least for now. ”This presentation of physician-assisted suicide as a lesser evil is a seductive ploy, and one we have seen used before with regard to abortion. Despite the arguments by assisted suicide opponents that claim a doctor’s involvement in the death of a patient is cruel and inhumane since they are designated with the role of healing people, it should be stated that the other side of the equation has more inherent cruelty as the terminally ill are forced to live against their will in unmanageable pain. (pharm.
However, a strong argument can be made that physician-assisted suicide is by no means a lesser evil. In some cases there are even criminal penalties specified for any doctors who cross the line into euthanasia. As such, it should be recognized that “patients have a right to make their own decisions to preserve free choice and human dignity: this right includes the right to choose assisted suicide (Ersek 98). He was treated with palliative chemotherapy, but the disease continued to progress. Mr. Wallace has been married to his wife, Joyce, for 56 years, and they have three children and six grandchildren. Should the bill be passed, New York would become the sixth U. One such evasion is already apparent in the name of the New York bill: cooperation with suicide is hidden under the benign term “medical aid, ” as if the attending physician would merely be arranging the pillows on the bed. As one study notes, “Medical illness was a factor in half the suicides of people ages 55 and older and 75 percent of those 7- years of age and older. D. For many patients suffering from chronic, painful, and fatal conditions that would eventually bring death, the only option for relief (both in terms of themselves and their family members) is suicide. What that means and what I argue is that legalizing assisted suicide in the context where we have this kind of inequity in our health care system actually puts those who are uninsured at risk for reaching for assisted suicide for a financial necessity or out of some duress. From 7555-7556, he served as the founding director and senior fellow of the Center for American Values in Public Life at People For the American Way Foundation. For instance, Dr. Robert P. ” Nursing 85. You say in your book that both liberals and progressives incorrectly view physician-assisted suicide as another choice issue, like abortion. A. Jones, who does not in theory oppose physician-assisted suicide, argues that without health insurance terminally ill patients could end up choosing or be pressured into choosing to prematurely end their lives for financial or similar reasons. Given your knowledge of the patient and the points made by the experts, which option would you choose? Census Bureau saw the number of Americans without health insurance rise to 65. Com.
In at least two ways, physician-assisted suicide is an even graver offense than other, more “solitary” forms of suicide: first, physician-assisted suicide morally implicates others in the evil of suicide and second, the legalization of physician-assisted suicide tends to lead, both in theory and in practice, to euthanasia. Increased life expectancy, chronic illnesses, technological advances, and expanded treatment options have all complicated the process of dying (Mackelprang 865). According to one report by Exit, which is a Swiss organization that helps in about 655 suicides per year, “about 75 percent have cancer. “Assisted Suicide: Unraveling a complex issue. Furthermore, having access to physician-assisted suicide allows the patient to maintain control over his or her situation and to end life in an ethical and merciful manner. He and his wife have lived in Salem, Oregon, for the past 78 years, and most of his family lives nearby. For example, Dan Diaz, the widower of Brittany Maynard, now campaigns for physician-assisted suicide in order “. Org. Not only are the plaintiffs expected to appeal the decision, but a bill recently proposed in the New York legislature also seeks to legalize the practice. L. And in practice, the line becomes blurrier. Why isn t this issue about someone s right to decide his or her fate at the end of life? U. Furthermore, physician-assisted suicide would not simply “spread the evil” in the sense of eliciting the cooperation of others it would also “spread the evil” in the sense of opening the door to new evils such as euthanasia—even non-voluntary and even involuntary euthanasia. Recently he has become jaundiced, and he has very little appetite. Physician assisted suicide or euthanasia should be a right granted to all citizens who are suffering from a degenerative, painful, or fatal condition that would cause them to be unable to enjoy to enjoy their lives as healthy people do. Though a New York Appellate court that there is no right to physician-assisted suicide under the current laws of the state, the issue remains far from settled. ), D. Donald Boudreau, M. S. And those last words are really important: in our current health care context.